Grade 1 Mathematics Module 2, Topic B

girl using microscope

Topic B focuses on the take from ten Level 3 strategy (1.OA.6). Students begin with word problems calling on them to subtract 9 from 10 in Lessons 12 and 13, first with concrete objects, then with drawings, and then with number bonds. The problems students solve are similar to this one: “Mary has two plates of cookies, one with 10 and one with 2. At the party, 9 cookies were eaten from the plate with 10 cookies. How many cookies were left after the party?” (1.OA.1) 10 – 9 = 1 and 1 + 2 = 3. This allows students to use this take from ten strategy when the ten is already separated for them, and in a variety of contexts (concrete, pictorial, and abstract), which sets them up for the work of the later lessons of the topic where they must decompose teen numbers on their own to take from ten. Lessons 14, 15, and 16 focus students on modeling subtraction of 9 from teen numbers with first manipulatives, then 5-groups drawings, and finally number bonds. Students relate counting on to subtraction in a couple of ways (pictured below) (1.OA.4). Students begin to realize that there is both simplicity and efficiency when they decompose the teen number into 10 and some ones, subtract the 9 from 10, and finally add the 1 left over with the some ones; this is key in Lesson 16 as students share their thinking and compare efficiency. S: To solve 12 – 9, I count on from 9 to 12, niiiine, 10, 11, 12, three counts.  To solve 12 – 9, I make 12 into 10 and 2 and subtract 9 from ten. 1 + 2 = 3. This same progression that occurred with subtracting 9 from teen numbers repeats itself in Lessons 17, 18, and 19, as students subtract 8 from teen numbers in concrete, pictorial, and abstract contexts. Students practice a pattern of action, take from ten and add the ones, as they face different contexts in word problems (MP.8), e.g., “Maria has 12 snowballs. She threw away 8 of them. How many does she have left?” (1.OA.3). Lesson 20 both broadens and solidifies students’ strategy use as they are faced with a combination of 7, 8, and 9 as subtrahends being taken away from teen numbers in both story problems and abstract equations. Lesson 21 closes Topic B with student-centered discussion about solution strategies as they solve both action-oriented (take from with result unknown) and relationship (take apart with addend unknown) problems. Students ask each other, “How and why did you solve it this way?” then discuss which strategies are the most efficient.  

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Common Core Learning Standards

CCLS State Standard
1.OA.1 Use addition and subtraction within 20 to solve word problems involving situations of adding to,...
1.OA.3 Apply properties of operations as strategies to add and subtract.3 Examples: If 8 + 3 = 11 is known...
1.OA.4 Understand subtraction as an unknown-addend problem. For example, subtract 10 – 8 by finding the...

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